Coronary arteries are narrowed by many reasons, most often due to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis refers to the narrowing and clogging of blood vessels due to the builds up of cholesterol in arterial vessel walls. The major risk factors include hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, smoking, family history, and obesity. A typical symptom of coronary artery disease is chest pain. When active, exercising, exposed to cold weather, or excited, the patient may vary slightly, but the pain that appears to be squeezing or weighing on or tightening the chest continues. Common pattern is the pain goes away when takes a rest. However, if the disease gets worse, it may occur even at rest and the symptoms may be longer. In addition to the chest, there may also be a radiating pain that can be felt in the neck, chin, shoulder or fingers. If you experience these symptoms, be sure to see a cardiologist. If left unchecked, it can lead to acute myocardial infarction, which leads to necrosis of the heart muscle. It causes death as well as serious aftereffects if the golden hour passes.
The most important thing than treatment is to keep the usual precautions. If you have a family history of vascular disease, it is necessary to receive regular checkups from a young age. If you have diabetes and high blood pressure, keep manage your blood sugar levels, and keep warm when you go out. Avoid drinking and smoking, and must do regular exercise.